Sources I have used for my blog.

Sources that I have found  useful in preparing material for my blog. I hope it will assist others to access information. It is a good practice to consult more than one reliable source.The sources are;

Oxford encyclopedia of Islamic world. at, It is an excellent but it costs $199 a year.

University  of Georgia. by Dr Alan Godlas. It is a comprehensive site on Islam and Sufism. All material on Islam is in one place and it us free.

Princeton University. It has all Muslim scholars of the Golden age of Islam in one place.

Fordham University.  internet Islamic  history  source book at;

Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy at; Ibn Sina, Ibn Arabi , Al Kindi and others are there.

M.I T. Shaikh Sadi  and some others are there.

Articles – On Spain. Science the Islamic Legacy in April/May issue of  Aramco world 1982  a good read at;

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On Muslim women rulers see has .
BBC radio 4.  “|IN OUR TIMES”


BBC documentaries. Islam, Crusade, Spain etc.

For Islam and Sufism: Books,  publications, articles, videos of Sayyed Hosein Nasr,  Anne Marie Scheme, Martin Ling,  R A Nicholson  and Timothy Winters of Cambridge, Omid Safi d of Duke University,  William Chitick on Ibn Arabi and Dr. Afzal Iqbal on Rumi. There are many mire sources which are not on this list. Khaliq

Masnavi of Rumi. When the lamps …

When the lamps are lit and the tables are laid, after the evening prayer,

I am engrossed with the thought of my Beloved(God), with grief, sorrow and lamentation.

My prayer is fiery for I perform the ablution with my tears.

When the call for prayer comes, the gate of my mosque is set on fire.

Strange is the prayer of mad; tell me, is it correct to say prayers

like this in complete disregard of time and space?

Strange are the two rak’ats and stranger still the fourth one.

How strange, I recited a Sura without a tongue!

How can I knock at the door of God, since I have neither heart nor hand.

Since you have taken away my heart and hand, give me protection, O Lord.

By God, I know not as I pray weather somebody has stood up to lead the prayer or a Ruku has ended.

From Rubayat of Omar Khayyam. Come fill the cup…

Omar Khayyam a polymath is best known for his Rubayats translated by Edward Fitzgerald in the 1880s. Sufi poetry has lot of references  to wine and love, more so in Hafiz(1325–1389) and Omar Khayyam. However their wine did not come from a bottle but a mystical experience.  Love is Love of God (Ishque Allah). 

Come, fill the Cup, and in the fire of Spring
Your Winter-garment of Repentance fling:
The Bird of Time has but a little way
To flutter—and the Bird is on the Wing.

From Rubayat of Omar Khayyam (1048-1131)

A selection from the work of Omar Khayyam a Polymath.  He was a  philosopher, mathematician, a scholar of Islam, a Sufi and a poet. He was born in 1048 and died in 1131 at an age of 83. Here is a sample of his poetry.

Of knowledge naught remained I did not know,

Of secrets, scarcely any, high or low;

All day and night for three score and twelve years,

I pondered, just to learn that naught I know.

Tomb of Sufi Shaikh Salim Chishti

Tomb (mazar) of Sufi Shaikh Salim Chishti(1478-1572) in Fatehpur Sikri in Indai. The workmanship on Marble gives the appearance of a delicate lace or a net.

The Chishti Sufi order (Tareeqa) was founded  in 930 by Shaikh Abu Ishaq Shami in Chist, Afghanistan. Several well known Shaikhs of Chishti order are buried in India and Pakistan. To name a few, Ali Hajvery (990-1077) known as Daata Ganj Baksh buried in Lahore Pakistan, Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti (1141-1230) buried in Ajmer in Insia,father of Amir Khusro (1253-1325and many others.

Rumi- BBC Radio 4- “In Our Times”

Rumis poetry, a link to a BBC radio 4 program Called In Our Times. Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi was born in Balkh, Afghanistan in 1207 and died in 1273 and is buried in Konya, Turkey.  he is From 1245 to1261 he wrote fifty thousand verses known as Diwan-Shams e Tabrazi. After 1261 in twelve years he wrote Masnavi.

Sufism and Islamic spirituality by professor Sayyed Hosain Nasr, a link

A link to a talk on Islamic spirituality and Sufism by professor Sayyed Hosain Nasr of George Washington University. He is regarded as an authority on Islam and Sufism. His under graduate degree is in physics and mathematics from MIT. Masters from Harvard in earth sciences and  a PhD in history of science and philosophy also from Harvard in 1958. He has published about 50 books and several hundred articles.

Rumi (1207-1273) from Masnavi. O reader….

O Reader, how many an evil that you see in others is but your own nature reflected in them! In them appears all that you are your hypocrisy, iniquity, and insolence,

You do not see clearly the evil in yourself,  else you would hate yourself with all your soul.

Like the lion who sprang at his image in the water, you are only hurting yourself, O foolish man.

When you reach the bottom of the well of your own nature,

Then you will know that the wickedness is in you.

Rumi- Divan e Shams- The man of God..

The man of God has no food or sleep.
The man of God is a king “neath dervish-cloak,
The man of God is a treasure in a ruin.
The man of God is not of air and earth,
The man of God is not of fire and water.
The man of God is a boundless sea,
The man of God rains pearls without a cloud.
The man of God has hundred moons and skies,
The man of God has hundred suns.
The man of God is made wise by the Truth,
The man of God is not learned from book.
The man of God is beyond infidelity and religion,
To the man of God right and wrong are alike.
The man of God has ridden away from Not-being,
The man of God is gloriously attended.
The man of God is concealed, Shamsi Din;
The man of God do you seek and find!